New analysis from small business insurer Direct Line for Business reveals that construction and trade apprenticeships made up just seven per cent of all apprenticeships last year, down from a high of 12 per cent in 2006.
While the number of total apprenticeships has increased by 57 per cent in the last five years to 434,630 during 2013/14, only two construction and trade focused apprenticeships rank in the top ten (construction skills at 9th and industrial applications at 10th). This is vastly different to 2006/07 when construction skills apprenticeships topped the table, with more than 20,000 apprenticeships undertaken in this field.
Top 10 Apprenticeships by volume of available places, 2013/14
Rank / Type of apprenticeship, Number of apprenticeships, Share of apprenticeships
1 / Health and Social Care, 70,080, 15.9%
2 / Business Administration, 44,190, 10.0%
3 / Management, 33,140, 7.5%
4 / Hospitality and Catering, 32,010, 7.3%
5 / Customer Service, 31,320, 7.1%
6 / Children’s Care Learning and Development, 24,320, 5.5%
7 / Retail, 16,560, 3.8%
8 / Engineering, 15,550, 3.5%
9 / Construction Skills, 15,510, 3.5%
10 / Industrial Applications, 14,860, 3.4%
Total: 440,400 Source: DL4B analysis of ONS data
Additional analysis suggests that the number of National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs), Scottish Vocational Qualifications (SVQs), Vocationally Related Qualifications (VRQs) and Qualification and Credit Framework Qualifications (QCFs) awarded between 2013 and 2014 fell by 14 per cent from 5,443,000 to 4,684,000.
The number of NVQs/SVQs achieved in the UK has decreased sharply over the last four years from 1.0 million in 2009/10 to 44,000 in 2013/14. In line with NVQs/SVQs, the number of VRQs achieved in the UK also decreased from 2.1 million in 2009/10 to 190,000 in 2013/14. Additionally, Qualifications in Construction, Planning and the Built Environment made up only 5% of all qualifications in 2013/14 (232,200 out of 4,684,000).
Nick Breton, Head of Direct Line for Business said: “Construction and trade based skills are vital to the UK economy. It’s tradespeople who come to the rescue when our boiler fails, and are the ones who are working every day to build homes, offices and help improve our roads.
“Apprenticeships are important for budding builders, plumbers and electricians to get into the workplace. With fewer people in apprenticeships there is a risk of creating a skills gap that will affect businesses and consumers alike. The introduction of the new £3 billion apprenticeship levy in the Government’s Autumn Statement and the promise of three million new apprenticeships across the UK is a positive move, which we hope will make it easier for SMEs to ensure that they have access to skilled young workers.”
Last year a poll2 from RatedPeople.com suggested that young people are failing to apply for apprenticeships because they feel there is more focus in the UK on securing an academic qualification. Over half (53%) admitted to dismissing the trade industry in pursuit of a more academic career path. Other reasons listed included a reluctance to work evenings and weekends (16%) and the belief that the starting salary of a tradesman is too low.
Benefits and training opportunities for trade apprenticeships:
· You get to work alongside experienced staff and can learn on the job
· You get a chance to develop your skills and confidence
· You will earn a wage and get holiday pay
· You can choose different levels of apprenticeships depending on how far you want to go.